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Revenue allocation in the practice of decentral...
39,90 € *
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The question on how to allocate revenue to the different tiers of government has always been and will continue to be a cause for consent to many countries and scholars. To meet the objective of a better sharing mechanism, countries ascribe to different forms of government. Cameroon favors a decentralized system of government wherein the different tiers of government concern are: State, Regional and Local governments. This work looks at the various principles of revenue allocation, on how to share revenue among the tiers of government and how to allocate revenue among the components of a particular tier. It equally examines the concept, pillars, and reasons for fiscal decentralization. The research also looks at the advantages and disadvantages of decentralization, making an overview of revenue allocation in Cameroon and putting forward recommendations.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 05.06.2020
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Fiscal Imbalance, Adjustment and Recovery
49,00 € *
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Fiscal adjustment is necessary at Central and State levels for the attainment of macroeconomic stability and growth. The significant share of all State deficits in the combined deficits necessitates the need for fiscal adjustment at State level in India. Both the revenue and expenditure side reforms especially introduction of fiscal rules are part of these adjustment measures. As a result, majority of the States have attained improvement in their deficit indicators. However, some states are still continuing with higher deficits. The improvement in deficit indicators by reduction in developmental expenditure especially health and education has a negative impact on the social and economic development of a nation, which in turn becomes detrimental to the macro-economy in the long run.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 05.06.2020
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Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers in Ethiopia
59,00 € *
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It is a boldly held view that the assignment problem in a federal set up is less challenging than problems witnessed in intergovernmental fiscal transfers (both grants and revenue sharing). The issue of challenges to intergovernmental fiscal transfers and possible options of channeling them did not, however, attract much attention as it deserves and this work is a slight attempt to fill the gap thus created. It is especially challenging in countries such as Ethiopia where states are substantially dependent on the federal government to cover the lion s share of their expenditures. The book argued that the prevalent vertical fiscal imbalance of the states in Ethiopia could not only be rectified through fiscal transfers unless we sought some other options, including revisiting the provisions of the Federal Constitution, to boost the fiscal capacity of the states. The book is especially important for any organ interested in the functioning of the Ethiopian fiscal federalism as compared to other three federal countries (Germany, India, and Nigeria) and policy makers that tend to formulate effective grant and revenue sharing formulas.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 05.06.2020
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The Distributional Effect of Social Welfare Spe...
19,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: A, , course: Fiscal and Monetary Policy Analysis and Management, language: English, abstract: This paper attempts to test the validity of public welfare spending theories (compensation theory, system theory, median voter theory, group theory, Incrementalism and some variants of public choice theory) in the context of Thailand. The study make use of GDP, previous welfare spending, increases in population, tax revenue, openness to trade, democratic government, labour union, trade association, urbanisation and welfare spending as a share of GDP over the period 1982 - 2007. We found strong and positive link between globalisation, GDP, tax revenue, labour union and previous welfare spending with Thailand welfare spending. These increases will invariably call for increased access to education, health care systems and other related welfare spending which means, the revenue base has to be increased through tax. We therefore recommend Thai Government to undertake reform in the tax system to broaden the tax net. Also, land and property tax systems ought to be reformed as well to extend coverage. We also recommend the stimulation of domestic demand in Thailand to reduce the over reliance on the international market which exposes countries to high end risks and uncertainties. The falling population growth in Thailand could also spell a doom to Thai's labour supply. Thailand currently relies on immigrant workers from neigbouring countries like Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Burma. As the economic conditions in these countries improve, these immigrant workers might return. This will create a shortage in the supply needs to cater for the ever increasing demand propelled by the continuous industralisation of the Thai economy. Policy decision makers should factor this in their subsequent decision to mitigate this effect in the near future.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 05.06.2020
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Fiscal Systems for Hydrocarbons: Design Issues
18,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Although host governments and investors may share one common objective - the desire for projects to generate high levels off revenue - their other goals are not entirely aligned. Host governments aim to maximize rent for their country over time, while achieving other development and socioeconomic objectives. Investors aim to ensure that the return on investment is consistent with the risk associated with the project, and with their corporations' strategic objectives. To reconcile these often conflicting objectives, more and more countries rely on transparent institutional arrangements and flexible, nuetral fiscal regimes. This paper examines the key elements of the legal and fiscal frameworks utilized in the petroleum sector and aims to outline desirable features that should be considered in the design of fiscal policy with the objective of optimizing the host government's benefits, taking into account the effect this would have on the private sector's investment.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 05.06.2020
Zum Angebot
Assessment of the relationship between the fisc...
107,00 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

This book is an assessment of the relationship between the fiscal responsibilities of the three tiers of government and revenue allocation formula in Nigeria. Both primary and secondary data have been utilized. Statistics and tables were obtained from National Bureau of statistics, Ministry of information, reports of past Revenue Allocation Committees and questionnaires were used as sources of primary and secondary data. The study found that; the derivation principle recommended by most of the committees only excavated unequal development among the tiers of government, while the fiscal responsibility of the states have a proportionally and adequate relationship with their share of revenue allocation. That the study recommended among others, that the choice a particular principle for revenue sharing should be dictated by the exigencies of the time, and that, revenue allocation to the local governments should be increased to enable them perform their functions effectively and efficiently. There is need to have a well conducted national census in order to have reliable data for revenue allocation in the country.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 05.06.2020
Zum Angebot
The Distributional Effect of Social Welfare Spe...
13,40 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: A, , course: Fiscal and Monetary Policy Analysis and Management, language: English, abstract: This paper attempts to test the validity of public welfare spending theories (compensation theory, system theory, median voter theory, group theory, Incrementalism and some variants of public choice theory) in the context of Thailand. The study make use of GDP, previous welfare spending, increases in population, tax revenue, openness to trade, democratic government, labour union, trade association, urbanisation and welfare spending as a share of GDP over the period 1982 - 2007. We found strong and positive link between globalisation, GDP, tax revenue, labour union and previous welfare spending with Thailand welfare spending. These increases will invariably call for increased access to education, health care systems and other related welfare spending which means, the revenue base has to be increased through tax. We therefore recommend Thai Government to undertake reform in the tax system to broaden the tax net. Also, land and property tax systems ought to be reformed as well to extend coverage. We also recommend the stimulation of domestic demand in Thailand to reduce the over reliance on the international market which exposes countries to high end risks and uncertainties. The falling population growth in Thailand could also spell a doom to Thai's labour supply. Thailand currently relies on immigrant workers from neigbouring countries like Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Burma. As the economic conditions in these countries improve, these immigrant workers might return. This will create a shortage in the supply needs to cater for the ever increasing demand propelled by the continuous industralisation of the Thai economy. Policy decision makers should factor this in their subsequent decision to mitigate this effect in the near future.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 05.06.2020
Zum Angebot
Fiscal Systems for Hydrocarbons: Design Issues
18,99 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Although host governments and investors may share one common objective - the desire for projects to generate high levels off revenue - their other goals are not entirely aligned. Host governments aim to maximize rent for their country over time, while achieving other development and socioeconomic objectives. Investors aim to ensure that the return on investment is consistent with the risk associated with the project, and with their corporations' strategic objectives. To reconcile these often conflicting objectives, more and more countries rely on transparent institutional arrangements and flexible, nuetral fiscal regimes. This paper examines the key elements of the legal and fiscal frameworks utilized in the petroleum sector and aims to outline desirable features that should be considered in the design of fiscal policy with the objective of optimizing the host government's benefits, taking into account the effect this would have on the private sector's investment.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 05.06.2020
Zum Angebot
Assessment of the relationship between the fisc...
59,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

This book is an assessment of the relationship between the fiscal responsibilities of the three tiers of government and revenue allocation formula in Nigeria. Both primary and secondary data have been utilized. Statistics and tables were obtained from National Bureau of statistics, Ministry of information, reports of past Revenue Allocation Committees and questionnaires were used as sources of primary and secondary data. The study found that; the derivation principle recommended by most of the committees only excavated unequal development among the tiers of government, while the fiscal responsibility of the states have a proportionally and adequate relationship with their share of revenue allocation. That the study recommended among others, that the choice a particular principle for revenue sharing should be dictated by the exigencies of the time, and that, revenue allocation to the local governments should be increased to enable them perform their functions effectively and efficiently. There is need to have a well conducted national census in order to have reliable data for revenue allocation in the country.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 05.06.2020
Zum Angebot