Angebote zu "India" (12 Treffer)

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Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers in Ethiopia
59,00 € *
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It is a boldly held view that the assignment problem in a federal set up is less challenging than problems witnessed in intergovernmental fiscal transfers (both grants and revenue sharing). The issue of challenges to intergovernmental fiscal transfers and possible options of channeling them did not, however, attract much attention as it deserves and this work is a slight attempt to fill the gap thus created. It is especially challenging in countries such as Ethiopia where states are substantially dependent on the federal government to cover the lion s share of their expenditures. The book argued that the prevalent vertical fiscal imbalance of the states in Ethiopia could not only be rectified through fiscal transfers unless we sought some other options, including revisiting the provisions of the Federal Constitution, to boost the fiscal capacity of the states. The book is especially important for any organ interested in the functioning of the Ethiopian fiscal federalism as compared to other three federal countries (Germany, India, and Nigeria) and policy makers that tend to formulate effective grant and revenue sharing formulas.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 04.08.2020
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Fiscal Imbalance, Adjustment and Recovery
49,00 € *
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Fiscal adjustment is necessary at Central and State levels for the attainment of macroeconomic stability and growth. The significant share of all State deficits in the combined deficits necessitates the need for fiscal adjustment at State level in India. Both the revenue and expenditure side reforms especially introduction of fiscal rules are part of these adjustment measures. As a result, majority of the States have attained improvement in their deficit indicators. However, some states are still continuing with higher deficits. The improvement in deficit indicators by reduction in developmental expenditure especially health and education has a negative impact on the social and economic development of a nation, which in turn becomes detrimental to the macro-economy in the long run.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 04.08.2020
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Vodafone Essar
45,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Vodafone Essar, formally known as Hutchison Essar is a cellular operator in India that covers 23 telecom circles in India based in Mumbai. Vodafone Essar is owned by Vodafone 67% and Essar Group 33%. It is the second largest mobile phone operator in terms of revenue behind Bharti Airtel, and third largest in terms of customers. As of June 31, 2009 (2009 -06-31)[update] Vodafone India has 18.8% customer market share and 20.7% revenue market share.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 04.08.2020
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Competence-Based Decision Support for the Offsh...
46,90 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, grade: 1.3, Hamburg University of Technology, language: English, abstract: The increasing importance of offshoring as a strategic tool for firms which possess substantial resources in high-cost locations is reflected in the increasing quantity and value of work being offshored. The offshoring of Automotive Product Development Processes (generically called Automotive Engineering Services) serves not only to reduce developmental costs for firms, but can also help firms develop resources in fast-growing markets, which can also act as an important source of future revenue. The trend of offshoring Automotive Engineering Services (ES) activities to India is becoming increasingly important. Of the $15 billion offshore ES market (including automotive and other ES activities), India claimed 12% in 2005 . Experts claim that this value will increase to $40 billion by 2020, representing a market share of 25%. The increasing importance of ES offshoring is reflected in increasing investments and acquisitions of Indian firms in this business area. The dynamic situation being faced by firms wishing to offshore ES work to India necessitates a decision support methodology, which was outlined in this work. Introduction to Present Work The present project aimed to provide offshoring decision support to automotive product development firms located in Germany/W. Europe by answering the following two questions: 1. Which process steps in the automotive product development process are best offshored? Which process steps should be retained in-house, onshore? 2. In case of offshore partnerships, which criteria may be used to evaluate prospective offshore partners? Offshoreability The offshoreability of an organizational process may be defined as the ease with which it may be offshored to another location, without losing any of its v

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.08.2020
Zum Angebot
Energy and the Financial System
68,90 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The modern financial system was developed to support the rapid economic growth that took off about 200 years ago with the phenomenal amounts of cheap energy made available through the exploitation of fossil fuels. As a result, its viability is completely dependent upon the continuation of that growth. Unfortunately, the more recent fossil fuel discoveries, especially for oil, have tended to have lower production levels than earlier ones. In addition, greater amounts of energy are required to extract the fossil fuels leading to less net energy available for society. The Energy Return On Investment (EROI) for oil has fallen from 30:1 in the 1970's to 10:1 today. Thus, newer energy finds produce lower extraction rates and more of the energy provided is offset by the energy used in the extraction processes. The result has been economic stagnation or even contraction, with growth in China and India etc. only possible due to the extensive use of local coal reserves, and recession-induced drops in OECD country energy use. Renewable sources of energy will not be able to expand fast enough to replace the 87% of energy supplies provided by fossil fuels, and apart from hydro and wind, tend to have very low EROI rates. They are also critically dependent upon the cheap energy infrastructure provided by fossil fuels. The phenomenal amounts of path-dependent energy infrastructure will also greatly inhibit any move away from fossil fuels. Without continued economic growth there will not be the extra output to fund loan interest payments, nor the revenue and profit growth to support share price/earnings multiples. The financial system acts as a time machine, creating asset prices based upon perceptions of the future. As an increasing percentage of investors come to accept the future reality of at best, financial asset prices will fall to reflect a realistic future. The resulting crash will remove the underpinnings of the banking, brokerage, mutual fund, pension fund, and insurance industries. The comfortable futures of many will be shown to have been based upon a mirage of future growth that will not take place. With the financial system acting as the critical coordination system of the global economy, its crash will also intensify economic problems. Written by a retired financial industry executive with over 25 years of experience, this book describes how the crisis will affect different regions and industries to help identify the career and investment choices which may provide a relative safe harbour.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.08.2020
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Issues in Financing of New Economy Firms in India
32,90 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Document from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Finance, Savitribai Phule Pune University, formerly University of Pune (Board for University and College Development, University of Pune - B. Y. K. College of Commerce Nashik-5), course: Minor Research Report - Post Graduate, Phd, M. Phil., language: English, abstract: Indian software industry is of recent origin. It has been growing since signing of international treaty in1994 by Indian government. Since then, India has been emerging as one of the major giant in the field of Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO). According to National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), IT Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector has been contributing 7.5 per cent of India's GDP, 25 per cent of India's total export and 10 per cent of total service sector revenue in 2010-11. IT services is the fastest growing segment among the others, it has been growing by 22.7 per cent, and generating export revenue (including hardware) of $69 billion. The share of software service exports from India was recorded around 58 per cent of the total global software service exports in 2011-12. This study is conducted to explore the contribution of Indian software firms in the development of Indian economy since its inception along with it emergence as one of the new industry on the map of Indian corporate and the world. We identify the challenges faced by these industries in general and issues in financing of these firms particular. For this task, we organize the present study into eight chapters. This study explores the drivers of Indian software industry growth, for that we run linear regression. We empirically test the impact of new economic reforms on the Indian software industry. Using the various econometric techniques, before and after the introduction of economic reforms period growth rate is compared to know whether there is any change in the growth story of the Indian software firms during the reforms period. Present study reviews the employment growth in Indian IT-BPO firms and also tests empirical relationship between export revenue of IT-BPO firms and employment growth in software industry. Main focus of the study is to find out the issues in financing of the new economy firms in India. In the broad perspective, this study is pursued for finding out which sources of finance are being tapped by these firms for financing themselves. In order to test hypotheses relating to drivers of software industry growth in India, regression I and II have been run and results appeared thereof shows that the coefficient values of the variables, money supply (M3GDP), domestic capital formation ( DCGDP), opening of economy (OPGDP) and stock foreign exchange (FRGDP) are significant at 10%,

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.08.2020
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Plastic Waste - Fuel. Municipal Solid Waste Man...
46,90 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2011 in the subject Engineering - Mechanical Engineering, Andhra University, course: Ph.D, language: English, abstract: India, the second most populous and one of the fast developing economies in the world is poised to increase its general prosperity and standard of living and in the process is increasing its consumption levels of energy and consumer goods.In general, the quantity and the diversity of MSW are increasing year after year throughout the world, presenting a growing problem for local authorities necessitating new legislation as well as better management practices. Earlier solid waste was considered as an unwanted byproduct of the society but now it is considered as a resource out of place. Though landfills are the most common means of solid waste disposal, the increasing quantities of solid waste is rapidly filling the existing landfills, and new sites are difficult to establish especially in a country like India. Hence efforts are on to find alternatives to landfills and in this direction approaches like source reduction; recycling, composting and incineration are considered. In this context the present study entitled 'Some Experimental Studies on Management of Municipal Solid Waste' (A Case Study of MCE) was undertaken to study the present scenario of MSW management in Andhra Pradesh considering the Municipal Corporation of Eluru (MCE) on the East coast of India as the study area. Under the present scenario of MSW management in Andhra Pradesh, the status of present MSW management in Municipal Corporation of Eluru is studied in this work and some experimental studies were conducted in the following areas with an objective of better utilization of waste into a useful resource so as to set up model facilities on demonstration basis for implementation and to share the information for dissemination to other local bodies in the state and at national level. 1.To find out the quantification and composition of MSW 2.To estimate the power generation potentiality from MSW 3.To estimate the possible revenue from vermin compost if prepared from the bio- degradable fraction of MSW 4. To study the combustion, performance and emission analysis of plastic diesel derived from plastic waste as an alternate fuel at different fuel injection pressures in comparison with neat diesel. The implementation of plastic diesel derived from plastic waste on the diesel engine with blends of neat diesel and with cetane number improver at different fuel injection pressures is done and the performance, combustion and emission results are discussed.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 04.08.2020
Zum Angebot
Competence-Based Decision Support for the Offsh...
30,90 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - Supply, Production, Logistics, grade: 1.3, Hamburg University of Technology, language: English, abstract: The increasing importance of offshoring as a strategic tool for firms which possess substantial resources in high-cost locations is reflected in the increasing quantity and value of work being offshored. The offshoring of Automotive Product Development Processes (generically called Automotive Engineering Services) serves not only to reduce developmental costs for firms, but can also help firms develop resources in fast-growing markets, which can also act as an important source of future revenue. The trend of offshoring Automotive Engineering Services (ES) activities to India is becoming increasingly important. Of the $15 billion offshore ES market (including automotive and other ES activities), India claimed 12% in 2005 . Experts claim that this value will increase to $40 billion by 2020, representing a market share of 25%. The increasing importance of ES offshoring is reflected in increasing investments and acquisitions of Indian firms in this business area. The dynamic situation being faced by firms wishing to offshore ES work to India necessitates a decision support methodology, which was outlined in this work. Introduction to Present Work The present project aimed to provide offshoring decision support to automotive product development firms located in Germany/W. Europe by answering the following two questions: 1. Which process steps in the automotive product development process are best offshored? Which process steps should be retained in-house, onshore? 2. In case of offshore partnerships, which criteria may be used to evaluate prospective offshore partners? Offshoreability The offshoreability of an organizational process may be defined as the ease with which it may be offshored to another location, without losing any of its v

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 04.08.2020
Zum Angebot
Energy and the Financial System
60,50 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The modern financial system was developed to support the rapid economic growth that took off about 200 years ago with the phenomenal amounts of cheap energy made available through the exploitation of fossil fuels. As a result, its viability is completely dependent upon the continuation of that growth. Unfortunately, the more recent fossil fuel discoveries, especially for oil, have tended to have lower production levels than earlier ones. In addition, greater amounts of energy are required to extract the fossil fuels leading to less net energy available for society. The Energy Return On Investment (EROI) for oil has fallen from 30:1 in the 1970's to 10:1 today. Thus, newer energy finds produce lower extraction rates and more of the energy provided is offset by the energy used in the extraction processes. The result has been economic stagnation or even contraction, with growth in China and India etc. only possible due to the extensive use of local coal reserves, and recession-induced drops in OECD country energy use. Renewable sources of energy will not be able to expand fast enough to replace the 87% of energy supplies provided by fossil fuels, and apart from hydro and wind, tend to have very low EROI rates. They are also critically dependent upon the cheap energy infrastructure provided by fossil fuels. The phenomenal amounts of path-dependent energy infrastructure will also greatly inhibit any move away from fossil fuels. Without continued economic growth there will not be the extra output to fund loan interest payments, nor the revenue and profit growth to support share price/earnings multiples. The financial system acts as a time machine, creating asset prices based upon perceptions of the future. As an increasing percentage of investors come to accept the future reality of at best, financial asset prices will fall to reflect a realistic future. The resulting crash will remove the underpinnings of the banking, brokerage, mutual fund, pension fund, and insurance industries. The comfortable futures of many will be shown to have been based upon a mirage of future growth that will not take place. With the financial system acting as the critical coordination system of the global economy, its crash will also intensify economic problems. Written by a retired financial industry executive with over 25 years of experience, this book describes how the crisis will affect different regions and industries to help identify the career and investment choices which may provide a relative safe harbour.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 04.08.2020
Zum Angebot